The familiar dapper black & white spotted dog of Disney fame, the Dalmatian is a symmetrical, muscular, medium-sized dog with superior endurance. The Dalmatian has the lean, clean lines of the pointer, to which it may be related. It has a short, hard, dense coat of pure white with black or liver colored spots randomly splashed over it.
The Dalmatian is very elegant, alert, strong, active, free of shyness and intelligent in expression. It is capable of great endurance, combined with speed. It makes an excellent companion; it is a friendly, outgoing dog. It will bond very closely with its owner, more so than other breeds and will exhibit separation anxiety when left alone. Dalmatian puppies are born all white and begin to develop their spots by ten to fourteen days.
Pure white with black, brown (liver), lemon, dark blue, tri colored, brindled, or sable spots.
Short, fine, dense and close. This breed sheds profusely twice a year. It is a hardy, easy to keep breed, though frequent brushing is needed to cope with constant shedding. Dalmatian dogs do not have a doggy odor and are said to be clean and even avoid puddles. Bathe only when necessary.
Deafness affects 10-12% of Dalmatian puppies. It is prone to urinary stones and skin allergies (especially to synthetic fibers in carpets and upholstery) are also sometimes inherited. Veterinarians may recommend a low protein diet for this breed to prevent urinary tract problems. To minimize the risk of your Dalmatian developing any hereditary health issues, you should buy a dog from a reputable breeder.