Black, brown, gray, or Landseer (black head with black markings on a white ground).
A huge, heavy coated, Canadian giant
8 to 10
Dogs: 130-150 pounds
Bitches: 100-120 pounds
Dogs: 27-29 inches
Bitches: 25-27 inches
AKC Working Dogs, FCI Group II.: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid Breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs, TKC Working
The Newfoundland is a beautiful, large, stately, strong, and massive dog with a broad heavy head. It is elegant, harmonious, agile and hardy. It loves to swim; its feet are webbed for better swimming.
The Newfoundland is an outstanding instinctive water rescue dog. It has been called the St. Bernard of the water. This breed is courageous, generous, and devoted. It is an exceptionally patient dog; it fits into any type of household.
The Newfoundland is a dog with an outstanding temperament. This breed is patient, mild mannered, and gentle. This dog is very devoted, loyal, trustworthy, and sweet. It can become so attached to its owner that it cannot adapt to a new home. It is patient, playful, and loving with children; it is a born babysitter. It is intelligent enough to act on its own when needed. It makes a very good watchdog. It can recognize a dangerous situation and will generally act if the family is threatened.
This breed is generally good with other animals, though some males may be aggressive with other males. This breed may be slightly difficult to train; it needs calm, patient, balanced training. This dog is very sensitive to the tone of your voice. The Newfoundland loves to swim.
The Newfie drinks a lot of water and may be messy about it, as it loves to get wet. It tends to drool, though not as much as some other giant breeds. Although as puppy it requires a lot of food, an adult Newfoundland eats only about as much as a retriever.
This is a huge dog and tends to move rather slowly; take this into account during training. This gentle giant was used for hauling in nets, carrying boat lines to shore, retrieving anything which fell overboard and rescuing shipwrecked and drowning victims; it was also used to haul lumber, pull mail sheds, deliver milk, and carry loads in packs. This breed will benefit from regular moderate exercise, it should have frequent opportunities to swim and frolic.
Flat, dense, and coarse textured double coat; oily and water resistant. Outer coat moderately long, straight or slightly wavy. Daily to weekly brushing of the thick, coarse, double coat with a hard brush is important. The undercoat is shed twice a year in the spring and fall and extra care is required at these times. Avoid bathing unless absolutely necessary, as this strips away the coat’s natural oils, instead, dry shampoo from time to time.
Due to their size they are susceptible to hip dysplasia. To help prevent the chance of hip or elbow dysplasia developing make sure your dog is on a healthy, well proportioned diet, and avoid excessive running and jumping while still a puppy as this can be hard on the developing joints. Hereditary heart disease called sub-aortic stenosis (SAS) can be an occasional problem. They can be prone to obesity so don’t let a Newfoundland get fat, and maintain a balanced diet. To minimize the risk of your Newfoundland developing any hereditary health issues, you should buy a dog from a reputable Newfoundland breeder.
This dog will do okay in an apartment if sufficiently exercised. It is relatively inactive indoors and a small yard is sufficient. This breed is sensitive to heat: plenty of shade and cool water in warmer weather is necessary. It must not be taken to warm areas without shade. This breed strongly prefers cool climates.
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